The theory that similarities or sameness attracts has been formalized in research since the mid-1900s. Researchers Ellen Berscheid and Elaine Hatfield conducted research in 1969 that showed participants were more likely to desire a relationship with those that were seen to share attitudes.
Who developed attraction theory?
The psychologist Samuel Frenning came up with a theory for why people are attracted to each other. To understand his theory, let’s look closer at his attraction theory, including the three main types of attraction and the four main elements of attraction.
What is the similarity attraction theory?
The similarity-attraction effect refers to the widespread tendency of people to be attracted to others [Page 876]who are similar to themselves in important respects. Attraction means not strictly physical attraction but, rather, liking for or wanting to be around the person.
What is similarity theory in psychology?
Similarity/attraction theory posits that people like and are attracted to others who are similar, rather than dissimilar, to themselves; “birds of a feather,” the adage goes, “flock together.” Social scientific research has provided considerable support for tenets of the theory since the mid-1900s.
When was the attraction theory created?
The first and most basic theory of this type was proposed in the early 1970’s by Donn Byrne and Gerald Clore.
Social exchange theory was developed by George Homans, a sociologist. It first appeared in his essay “Social Behavior as Exchange,” in 1958. Homans studied small groups, and he initially believed that any society, community or group was best seen as a social system.
Does similarity lead to attraction?
The results of the meta-analysis indicated that both actual similarity and perceived similarity had a large effect on attraction overall. In other words, when participants in research studies had actual things in common with partners and were more similar to them, they found that partner more attractive.
What is similarity theory Duncan & Humphreys of selective attention and visual search?
Duncan and Humphreys’ similarity theory suggests that attention is not drawn to locations but rather to image objects, and that search efficiency depends on similarities between objects in the scene and possible targets (target–distractor similarity) and between objects within the scene (distractor heterogeneity).
Why does similarity attract?
Why does similarity attract? At least four explanations have received consistent empirical support. First, because similar others are more likely than are dissimilar others to possess opinions and worldviews that validate one’s own, interaction with similar others is a likely source of social reinforcement.
What is the repulsion hypothesis?
Repulsion Hypothesis Rosenbaum’s proposal that attraction is not enhanced by similar attitudes; instead, people initially respond positively to others but are repulsed by the discovery of dissimilar attitudes.
What is similarity theory in cognitive psychology?
Similarity refers to the psychological degree of identity of two mental representations. It is fundamental to human cognition since it provides the basis for categorization of entities into kinds and for various other cognitive processes.
What is interpersonal attraction theory?
Interpersonal attraction is traditionally defined in social psychology as a positive attitude or evaluation regarding a particular person, including the three components conventionally ascribed to attitudes: behavioral (tendency to approach the person), cognitive (positive beliefs about the person), and affective ( …
Do people find similar people attractive?
Additional research has revealed that people may be attracted to potential partners who come from similar ancestry, and given that ancestry informs many physical traits, that might further explain the lookalike couple phenomenon.
What did Dutton and Aron discover concerning passionate love?
Dutton and Aron (1974) found that more men fell in love with an attractive female interviewer when she asked them questions in anxiety-provoking situations (a fear-arousing suspension bridge) compared to calm situations (a non-fear arousing bridge).